Personal fouls involve illegal physical contacts. Both defensive and offensive players can commit personal fouls but generally it’s the defensive player who commits most of the personal fouls. Below is a list of those personal fouls (or types of personal fouls) which we see too often in a basketball game.
Charging – This foul occurs when an offensive player runs into a defensive player who has already maintained a position and is not attempting to impede the progress of offensive player.
Blocking – When a defensive player impedes the progress of offensive player by standing in his way, then a blocking foul will be called against him.
Reaching in- Called when defensive player reaches in the offensive player for attempting steal but makes a contact in between.
Illegal Screen- Also Known as “Moving Screen”. This foul occurs when two offensive players set a screen. If player setting the screen blocks a defender by moving his body instead of standing still, then the foul is called.
Hand Checking- This foul is called when defensive player uses his hands excessively to slow down the movement of ball handler.
Over the back- While attempting a rebound if defensive player jumps over the back of opponent and tries to get the ball, then this foul is called.
Holding -When a player limits the movement of opponent by grabbing him physically.
Pushing- An attempt that moves an opponent out of his position or makes him loose his balance.
Tripping – A contact with leg or foot that puts opponent in an unsteady position and likely to fall.
Elbowing – Throwing elbows in such manner that will knocks an opponent or push him away.
Illegal Hand Use- Using hands on other player’s hands when he is attempting to shoot a ball or going for a steal but instead hitting the hand of the player.
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